Kidney failure signifies loss of kidney function that occurs when your kidneys lose their filtering ability and are not in a position to eliminate excess salts, fluids, and waste materials from your blood. This leads to an accumulation of the dangerous levels of wastes in your body which can also be fatal.
Kidney failure is an extremely serious condition, and you should receive treatment immediately.
Kidney failure can be either acute or chronic.
Acute kidney failure also known as acute renal failure or acute kidney injury is a medical emergency that requires hospitalization. One can experience loss of acute kidney function within days or even hours. Acute kidney failure may happen suddenly and without producing any previous signs or symptoms.
Chronic kidney failure happens much slower as opposed to acute renal failure. It may take months or even years before you exhibit any symptoms. Chronic kidney failure is often the result of blood pressure and diabetes.
While in some instances kidney failure may not produce symptoms, signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include:
Kidney failure occurs from an acute situation that damages the kidneys or from chronic diseases that cause the kidneys to stop functioning over a period of time. Loss of blood flow to the kidneys resulting from heart attack, dehydration and severe infection is one of the commonest causes of kidney failure.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose kidney failure include blood tests, urine tests, imaging tests and urine output measurements. Your doctor may recommend a procedure to remove a small sample of kidney tissue (kidney biopsy). Tests of the kidney tissue may help your doctor understand why your kidney is failing.
A single risk factor may be sufficient to cause kidney failure, but a combination of factors also increases your risk. Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure and kidney diseases.
Those with acute liver failure are generally treated in the intensive care unit of a hospital and if possible, in a facility that can perform a kidney dialysis or transplant if necessary. Your doctor may recommend the treatment option depending on the on the reason for your kidney failure.
Treatments for acute kidney failure may include Dialysis and Kidney Transplant. Your doctor may recommend dialysis when toxins build up in your blood. Acute kidney failure can sometimes be reversed with treatment. However, when acute kidney failure can't be reversed, the only treatment may be a kidney transplant. During a kidney transplant, the doctor may remove your damaged kidney or leave in the body and replaces it with a healthy kidney from a donor.
Complications of kidney failure can include Fluid buildup in the lungs, Chest pain. Muscle weakness, permanent kidney damage and death.
The key to preventing Kidney Failure is to reduce your risk factors. Lifestyle changes you can make to help prevent kidney failure include balanced diet and moderating your drinking level. Staying physically active is of paramount importance.
Kidney failure can be life threatening. With the proper treatment, you can reduce the risk of experiencing it and lead a normal life.
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